Heartburn also known as acid indigestion, acid reflux is a type of burning sensation that usually affects your chest, throat, neck and sometimes your angle of the jaw. Heartburn usually causes burning sensation in chest and then this burning sensation radiate through different part of your upper body like throat, neck and jaw. Actually there is a pipe in your body called esophagus that connects your mouth to stomach. This tube or pipe carries the eaten food from your mouth to stomach. Sometimes indigestion of your acids takes place in your body and it flows up from stomach to esophagus causing in heartburn that is a feeling of burning. Generally these symptoms occur if you are a victim of acid reflux or Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). All these symptoms occur when your digestion system doesn’t work properly and it produces starts producing excessive amount of acids in your body or other reason could be the indigestion of different acids that was produced to digest the food that is taken by you. Therefore these unutilized acids also cause problems for your stomach as well as your throat and neck.
Generally most of the people get affected by these symptoms at least once in their lifetime but it is rarely chronic or life threatening and doesn’t affect other body parts or organs except those mentioned above. It may also be noted that if these symptoms occurs at least 2 times a week then you could be at the risk of GERD disease and can have serious health issues. It is usually seen in people of all ages that mean anyone can get this disease and it is all depends on the number of factors that can be lifestyle, eating habits smoking or anything that could affect your acid indigestion. In most of the people heartburn lasts for a shorter period of time and it doesn’t need an intense treatment but in some rare cases heartburn can be very irritating and may cause immense burning sensation and unbearable pain. Other symptoms of heartburn can be nausea, difficulties in swallowing, vomiting, shortness of breath and some respiratory problems that can last as long as 2 days or 3. Some other factors that cause heartburn are pregnancy, obesity, if your esophagus has been swallowed.
There are many diagnosis options available in the medical field that can be used to diagnose heartburn and some of those options are Endoscopy, Upper GI series and Ambulatory pH testing. PH testing is only performed when first two options that are given above fails. PH testing is the last option to know whether someone is acidic or not. After diagnosis if the result is positive then you should start medications to treat heartburn. Some of the medicines are antacids that can be taken right after the meal. Cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), and famotidine (Pepcid) are some other medicines that will surely help you get rid of heartburn